%0 Journal Article
%T An Investigation on Changes and Prediction of Urmia Lake water Surface
Evaporation by Chaos Theory
%J International Journal of Environmental Research
%I University of Tehran/Springer
%Z 1735-6865
%A Farzin, S.
%A Ifaei, P.
%A Farzin, N.
%A Hassanzadeh, Y.
%A Aalami, M.T.
%D 2012
%\ 06/01/2012
%V 6
%N 3
%P 815-824
%! An Investigation on Changes and Prediction of Urmia Lake water Surface
Evaporation by Chaos Theory
%K Urmia Lake
%K Evaporation
%K chaos theory
%K correlation dimension
%K Lyapunov exponent
%K Fourier power spectrum
%R 10.22059/ijer.2012.552
%X Chaos theory discusses unstable and non-periodic behavior of non-linear fluctuating dynamicsystems. Since evaporation level variations of lakes have a dynamic identity, chaos theory can have a uniquerole in collecting data of these variations. Therefore it is an important and challenging problem in the field ofplanning and qualitative and quantitative management of Urmia Lake to verify whether the evaporation timeseries are stochastic or chaotic that is discussed in the present study. In addition to introduction of differentutilities of chaos theory, the monthly evaporation amounts of Urmia Lake in the past 40 years have beenstudied and predicted in the present research. So after calculating the delay time (T=7.5) by using averagemutual information method (AMI) and embedding dimension (d=3) by using false nearest neighbor algorithm(FNN), the slope of correlation dimension diagram has been computed. The non-integer amount of the slope(2.47) represents that the system is chaotic. Lyapunov exponent and broad band in Fourier power spectrumare other indexes reported in the present study and their provided results ensures that the system is chaotic.Thus the amount of Urmia Lake evaporation is predictable. Therefore the amount of evaporation in the recent10 years (1997-2007) have been predicted by means of false nearest neighbor algorithm and verified with theobserved data. The results agree with the high accuracy of chaos theory predictions so the amount of evaporationof the Lake is predicted for 10 following years (2007-2017).
%U https://ijer.ut.ac.ir/article_552_f5cb704a5ead7fcadb9bb8d269e82682.pdf